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  • FP7 – Grain Legumes – A CGIAR Research Program

    FP7

    A. duranensis genome overview.
Source: Xiaoping Chen et al. PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1600899113

    Global team cracks ancestor genome of groundnut

    A scientific breakthrough on the DNA sequencing of groundnut promises the development of improved groundnut varieties with enhanced traits such as increased pod and oil yield; drought and heat tolerance and greater disease resistance. Other significant traits this could help develop include aflatoxin-free, nutrition-rich and allergen-free varieties. The breakthrough also provides insights into geocarpy – a unique reproductive process of the groundnut, oil biosynthesis and allergens. A team of 51 scientists from 9 institutes from China, India, USA and Australia,…

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    A. duranensis genome overview.
Source: Xiaoping Chen et al. PNAS doi:10.1073/pnas.1600899113

    Genome code of cultivated groundnut cracked

    In a scientific breakthrough that promises accelerated gene discovery and development of improved cultivars, researchers have completed high quality sequencing of the ancestral genomes of groundnut. This will lead to better groundnut varieties with enhanced pod and oil yield, greater resistance to diseases, tolerance to drought and heat, and better oil quality. The groundnut grown today is the result of hybridization between two wild species, Arachis duranensis (V14167, A-genome ancestor) and A. ipaensis (K30076, B-genome ancestor). The hybrid was cultivated…

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    Getting acquainted with the new software.
Photo: A Rathore, ICRISAT

    Technology-aided field design to enhance efficacy of experiments

    To improve the efficacy of experiments, various aspects of efficient experimental field design, analysis and data management with the aid of modern statistical software was the focus of a five-day training course that was specially designed for National Agricultural Research System (NARS) partners in Nigeria. Topics covered included generation and analysis of replicated and non-replicated trials, data cleaning, curation, single site and genotype-environment interaction (GxE) analysis and interpretation. Participants were trained to use GenStat 17th edition and introduced to Breeding…

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    Phenotyping ICRISAT

    Empowering NARS partners for large-scale phenotyping data analysis

    The experience of ICRISAT in handling and analysis of large-scale phenotyping data, obtained for a large-scale breeding related trails, was shared with the project partners during a one-day workshop organized at ICRISAT. The project titled “Utilization of chickpea genome sequence for crop improvement” was sponsored by the Department of Agriculture & Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, and the project partners are from 6 centers included Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur; Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute (RARI),…

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    Participants at the IBP workshop Photo ICRISAT

    Integrated Breeding Platform (IBP) workshop for NARS partners

    A demonstration and awareness workshop on Breeding Management System (BMS) of Integrated Breeding Platform (IBP) for Grain Legumes was organized for National Agriculture Research System (NARS) partners. BMS is a suite of interconnected software specifically designed to help breeders manage their research activities through all phases of their breeding program. BMS allows to search the germplasm and available studies in the database, visualize their pedigrees graphically, access historical performance and create custom germplasm lists for breeding programs. BMS also supports…

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    Participants being trained in use of electronic data capture
methodologies using hand held devices. Photo: ICRISAT

    Advanced experimental designs, data analysis and management for breeding trials

    Continuing its efforts to build the capacity of its partner institutions, ICRISAT organized a six-day training course on “Advanced Experimental Designs, Data Analysis and Management for Breeding Trials.” The training focused on the use of advanced statistical analysis methods, bioinformatics and data management software to improve quality of research and reporting. It provided the participants an understanding on several aspects of efficient experimental designing including generation and analysis of replicated, partial replicated and nonreplicated trials, mixed models, data cleaning, curation,…

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    DSC_7516

    Chickpea genomics project review and planning meeting

    Progress and achievements were assessed and future directions were mapped out at the fifth review and planning meeting of the project “Genomic Approaches for Stress Tolerant Chickpea.” This project brings together Australian and Indian partners contributing distinct but complementary multidisciplinary strengths in physiology, molecular biology and breeding. Dr Rajeev Varshney, ICRISAT Research Program Director – Grain Legumes and Project Coordinator, acknowledged the impressive progress of the different project activities by all partner organizations in India, congratulating the participants for their…

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    Groundnut

    The first peanut genomes sequenced

    The International Peanut Genome Initiative, a multi-national group of crop geneticists working in cooperation for several years, has successfully sequenced the genome of the peanut, also called groundnut. The new peanut genome sequence will be available to researchers and plant breeders across the globe to aid in the breeding of more productive and more resilient peanut varieties. “The peanut crop is important in the United States, but it is very important for developing nations as well,” said Dr Scott Jackson,…

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    Grain Legumes

    Grain Legumes is a partnership among four CGIAR Research Institutes: ICRISAT as lead center, CIAT, ICARDA and IITA, along with several public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers worldwide.

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    Grain Legumes