Breeding heat tolerant varieties of chickpea

Anita Babbar1, Sushil K Chaturvedi2, V. Jayalakshmi3 and Pooran M Gaur4 1Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Madhya Pradesh, India; 2ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (ICAR-IIPR), Kanpur, India; 3ANGRAU-Regional Agricultural Research Station, Nandyal, India; 4ICRISAT-Patancheru, India Lead author email: anitababbarjnkvv@gmail.com Click to download Heat stress at the reproductive stage has become a major constraint to chickpea production in India. This is mainly because chickpea area under late-sown conditions has considerably increased, particularly in the northern and the central India due to…

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Developing chickpea cultivars suitable to machine harvesting

Sushil K Chaturvedi1, Pooran M Gaur2, S Srinivasan2, Shailesh Tripathi3, Sarvjeet Singh4,  V. Jayalakshmi5, AG Vijaykumar6, Md. Yashin7, Neelu Mishra1 and Narendra P Singh1 1ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (IIPR), Kanpur, India; 2ICRISAT-Patancheru; 3ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, India; 4Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; 5Agriculture Research Station, Nandyal, India; 6Aricutlure Research Station (UAS-D), Bijapur, India; 7RAK College of Agriculture (RVRSKVV-G), Sehore, India Lead author email: sushilk.chaturvedi@gmail.com Click to download In order to reduce the cost of cultivation and…

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Herbicide tolerance in chickpea, lentil and faba bean

Sarvjeet Singh1, Pooran M Gaur2, Fouad Maalouf3, SK Chaturvedi4, Somanagouda Patil5, and Shiv Kumar5 1Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana, India; 2ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 3ICARDA-Lebanon; 4Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kanpur, India; 5ICARDA-Rabat, Morocco Lead author email: sarvjeetm@rediffmail.com Weed management in cool-season legumes (chickpea, lentil and faba bean) is difficult in the absence of effective post-emergence herbicides, while manual weeding is expensive, and pre-emergence herbicides are effective only in the initial stage of plant growth. Over the last three years a large number…

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Orobanche tolerance in faba bean and lentil

Fouad Maalouf, Patil Somanagouda, Karthika Rajendran and Shiv Kumar International Center for Agricultural Research in Dry Areas, Lebanon and Morocco Lead author email: f.maalouf@cgiar.org Click to download Broomrapes (Orobanche spp and Phelipanche ssp), parasitic weeds, are a serious threat to legumes cultivation in North and East Africa. The estimated yield losses in faba bean and lentil due to Orobanche spp, are as high as a complete loss of a crop in Morocco, Egypt, Tunisia and Ethiopia. Among various species prevalent…

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Back to our roots: Morphological variability in bean and cowpea roots that influence agronomic performance

Jim Burridge1*, Steve Beebe2, Nouhoun Belko3, Ousmane Boukar3, Celestina Jochua4, Bao Lam Huynh5, Magalhaes Miguel4, Jose Polania2, Jaumer Ricaurte2, Phillip Roberts5, Jonathan Lynch1 1 Dept. of Plant Science, Pennsylvania State University; 2CIAT-Cali, Colombia, 3IIAT-Kano, Nigeria, 4 IIAM, Agriculture Research Institute of Mozambique; 5 Dept. of Nematology, University of California, Riverside * jdb450@psu.edu Click to download Soil impoverishment, farmers’ lack of access to inputs and climate change motivates rapid improvement of tolerance to drought and low soil fertility in bean and cowpea. Resources are…

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Response of cowpea and common bean to low P and drought: Traits and Yields

Nouhoun Belko1, Kanako Suzuki2, Jimmy Burridge3, Noel Duarte4, Jaumer Ricaurte5, Idupulapati Rao5, Jonathan Lynch3, Christian Fatokun2, Ousmane Boukar1, Stephen Beebe5 1IITA-Kano, Nigeria; 2IITA-Ibadan, Nigeria; 3Penn State University, USA; 4INTA, Nicaragua; 5CIAT Cali, Colombia. Lead author email: n.belko@cgiar.org Click to download In the semi-arid regions cowpea and bean are important for poverty reduction, food and nutritional security and sustainable farming. The crops are grown by resource-poor farmers in marginal lands. Therefore, high-throughput phenotyping and breeding for improved varieties can be a…

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Water use in bean and cowpea: efficiency or effective use of water?

Jose Polania1, Vincent Vadez2, Idupulapati Rao1, Cesar Cajiao1, Stephen Beebe2 1CIAT-Cali, Colombia; 2ICRISAT-Patancheru, India Lead author email: j.a.polania@cgiar.org Click to download Common bean and Cowpea are two major food legumes cultivated by small farmers in Latin America and Africa, where unfavorable climatic conditions and minimum use of inputs frequently limit productivity. Drought is one of the major abiotic stress limitations for grain legume production in smallholder agricultural systems. Phenotypic characterization of water consumption by different species of legumes and genotypes…

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Groundnut integrated breeding: Superior performance of introgression lines developed using molecular and phenotyping tools

Pasupuleti Janila1, Arulthambi L Rathnakumar2, Murali T Variath1, SK Bera2, Surendra S Manohar1, Manish K Pandey1, PP Thirumalaisamy2, Narendra Kumar2, N Manivannan3, KL Dobariya4, RP Vasanthi5, Hajisaheb L Nadaf6, Y Shasidhar1, Manish K Vishwakarma1, S Sundaravadana7, N Premalatha7, HK Sudini1, MP Deshmukh8, SC Patil9, KSS Naik10, M Vaithiyalingan11, P Rajesh10, K Vemana10, T  Radhakrishnan2, and Rajeev K Varshney1 1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2Directorate of Groundnut Research (DGR), Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), Junagadh, India; 3Department of Oilseeds, Centre of Plant Breeding…

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New resilient varieties for unlocking groundnut production and productivity in semi-arid tropics

1P Janila, 2HM Desmae, 3BN Motagi,  3HA Ajeigbe, 1HD Upadhyaya, 4E Monyo, 5A Muitia, 6JMM Chintu, 
7L Makweti, 1MK Pandey, 4DA Odeny, 8CM Deom, 1RK Varshney and 9P Okori.  1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India, 2ICRISAT-Bamako, Mali, ICRISAT-Kano, Nigeria, 4ICRISAT-Nairobi, Kenya, 5Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Moçambique (IIAM), Nampula Mozambique, 6Department of Agricultural Research Services, Malawi, 7Zambian Agricultural Research Institute, 8University of Georgia, Athens, USA,  9ICRISAT-Lilongwe, Malawi. Corresponding author email: p.okori@cgiar.org High yielding and resilient groundnut varieties are key to improving groundnut productivity essential…

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Scaling out improved technologies: Case studies from ESA, India, WCA

1Desmae, HM. 2P Janila, 3BN Motagi,  3HA Ajeigbe, 1HD Upadhyaya, 4E Monyo, 5A Muitia, 6JMM Chintu, 
7L Makweti, 1MK Pandey, 4DA Odeny, 8CM Deom, 1RK Varshney and 9P Okori.  1ICRISAT-Bamako, Mali; 2ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 3ICRISAT-Kano, Nigeria; 4ICRISAT-Nairobi, Kenya; 5Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Moçambique (IIAM), Nampula, Mozambique; 6Department of Agricultural Research Services, Malawi; 7Zambian Agricultural Research Institute8University of Georgia, Athens, USA;  9ICRISAT-Lilongwe, Malawi. Corresponding author email: p.okori@cgiar.org The current investments in scaling of improved groundnut seed are premised on the efficient…

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Grain Legumes

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