Extra-early chickpea and lentil varieties for Southeast Asia and East Africa

Shiv Kumar1; Somanagouda Patil1; Ashutosh Sarker2; Pooran M Gaur3 and Srinivasan Samineni3 1ICARDA-Rabat, Morocco; 2ICARDA-New Delhi, India; 3ICRISAT-Patancheru, India  SK.Agrawal@cgiar.org Development of extra-early varieties of chickpea and lentil offers opportunities for intensification and diversification of existing cropping systems in addition to introduction in new niches such as rice fallows in South Asia, two crops per season in Ethiopia, and spring planted legume crop in West Asia and North Africa. To achieve this goal, appropriate changes in phenology and plant type that can…

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Insect-smart chickpea, cowpea, and pigeonpea production systems

1Manuele Tamò;  2Michael Agyekum; 3Mustapha El-Bouhssini; 4Hari Sharma; 4Gopalakrishnan S IITA1; Michegan State University; ICARDA3; ICRISAT4 m.tamo@cgiar.org  Abstract The overall objective of PL5 is to use an IPM approach that will integrate the application of genetic engineering and genomic tools, wide hybridization, biological control, and rational application of biopesticides and synthetic pesticides to guide decision-making in pest management. A study carried out on cowpea to understand factors influencing decisions making in pest control revealed that farmers are aware of health…

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High nitrogen-fixing chickpea, common bean, faba bean and soybean

SK Chaturvedi1; S Gopalakrishnan2 1ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research (ICAR-IIPR), Kanpur, India; 2ICRISAT-Patancheru, India Sushilk.chaturvedi@gmail.com Abstract: Symbiotic nitrogen fixation (SNF) is a natural process that distinguishes legumes from other crops. The most important N2-fixing agents in agricultural systems are the symbiotic associations between legumes and rhizobia. Past efforts to enhance SNF through inoculation with Rhizobium strains were partially successful in most of the developing or under developed countries due to suboptimal quality of inoculants and efficient delivery systems. A good…

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Short Duration drought tolerant aflatoxin free groundnut

1P Janila; 2HM Desmae; 3BN Motagi;  3HA Ajeigbe; 1HD Upadhyaya; 4E Monyo; 5A Muitia; 6JMM Chintu; 
7L Makweti; 1MK Pandey; 4DA Odeny; 8CM Deom; 1RK Varshney and 9P Okori   1ICRISAT-Patancheru, India; 2ICRISAT-Bamako, Mali; 3ICRISAT-Kano, Nigeria; 4ICRISAT-Nairobi, Kenya; 5Instituto de Investigação Agraria de Moçambique (IIAM), Nampula Mozambique; 6Department of Agricultural Research Services, Malawi; 7Zambian Agricultural Research Institute8; University of Georgia, Athens, USA;  9ICRISAT-Lilongwe, Malawi P.Okori@cgiar.org Product line 3 (PL3) of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes (CRP) aims to…

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High-temperature tolerance in grain legumes: development and progress

Dr Michel Edmond Ghanem, International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) m.ghanem@cgiar.org High-temperature stress (or heat stress) is a serious constraint to the productivity of grain legumes as their cultivation is expanding to warmer environments and temperature variability is increasing due to climate change. Large genetic variations exist in grain legumes for heat tolerance which can be exploited for the development of locally adapted heat tolerant cultivars. Here we present examples of research progress on heat tolerance…

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Drought and Low P Tolerant Common Bean, Cowpeas, and Soybean

Stephen Beebe CIAT s.beebe@cgiar.org Bean and cowpea are important nutritional components in the diets of eastern-southern Africa, and West Africa, respectively, and often are cited as a nutritious and inexpensive source of protein for the poor. However, analysis of consumption data of bean in Uganda and Tanzania, and cowpea in Nigeria, indicates that the rural poor only spend a third to half of what the well-to-do spend on these legumes. Urban areas show a similar but less dramatic difference. Thus,…

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Geographic priorities for research and development on dryland cereals and legumes

Glenn Hyman1; Elizabeth Barona2; Chandrashekhar Biradar3; Edward Guevara1; John Dixon4; Steve Beebe1; Silvia Elena Castano1; Tunrayo Alabi5; Murali Krishna Gumma6; Shoba Sivasankar6; Ovidio Rivera; Herlin Espinosa1; Jorge Cardona1 1CIAT-Cali, Colombia; 2Independent Researcher, Miami, USA; 3ICARDA-Beirut, Lebanon; 4Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra, Australia; 5IITA-Ibadan, Nigeria; 6ICRISAT-Patancheru, India Lead author email: g.hyman@cgiar.org; Dryland cereal and legume crops have often received less attention than maize, wheat and rice in terms of research and development priorities. But these crops are important globally…

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Impacts of social norms on women’s innovation pathways in cereals and legumes systems in Africa

Esther M. Njuguna1*; Millicent Liani1; Jummai Yila2; Patti Petesch3  1ICRISAT-Nairobi, Kenya; 2ICRISAT-Bamako, Mali; 3GENNOVATE Consultant Advisor and Research Associate, CIMMYT. Corresponding author email: E.njuguna@cgiar.org Although there are many women that are documented not to take advantage of innovations in the drylands of Africa and Asia, there are a number of individual women who have ‘succeeded’ in being innovative with cereals and legumes crops in the same regions.  They would be considered ‘outliers’ in society.  We wanted to find out, what…

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Addressing gender gaps in grain legumes and dryland cereals: A Q-squared study towards better practices

Edward Bikketi1, Esther Njuguna1 and Uzoamaka Joe-Nkamuke1 ICRISAT- Nairobi Corresponding author email: e.bikketi@cgiar.org Click to download The importance of women’s and men’s contribution to the agricultural sector in developing countries is now globally acknowledged.  That differences, in the level of attainment in agricultural productivity by women and men farmers, exist has been acknowledged in literature.  Assessing ‘gender gaps’ and the factors that contribute to their existences among farming communities in smallholder agriculture would contribute to greater understanding of how programs…

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Aspirations of the youth: Implications for legumes and cereals value chains in the drylands

Millicent Liani1; Esther Njuguna1; Jummai Yila1; Eliyas Yohannes2; Avishek Bose1; Almamy Sylla1; Patti Petesch3 1ICRISAT; 2Private consultant, Ethiopia; 3GENNOVATE Expert Advisor and CIMMYT Associate Researcher Corresponding author email: M.Liani@cgiar.org Click to download The challenge of engaging the youth in the legumes and cereals value chains in the drylands remains under represented because very little quantitative and qualitative research has been carried out on aspirations of the youth these systems. By utilizing the GENNOVATE methodology, with a specific aim of exploring…

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Grain Legumes

Grain Legumes is a partnership among four CGIAR Research Institutes: ICRISAT as lead center, CIAT, ICARDA and IITA, along with several public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers worldwide.

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