High yeild chickpea - ICARDAS

The high-yielding winter chickpea variety, Saral, can tolerate extreme cold, and is resistant to ascochyta blight.

Farmers across the highlands of Iran who rely on chickpea production face a number of constraints during the cold winter months, including extreme cold, ascochyta blight, and weed infestation. Yields suffer and many opt instead to plant in the spring and avoid crop failure.

In collaboration with Iran’s Agricultural Research Education and Extension organization (AREEO), ICARDA has released a new variety of high-yielding winter chickpea, which is tolerant of cold temperatures and resistant to ascochyta blight. The variety – named ‘Saral’ – is being disseminated to farmers across the highland regions of West and North-West Iran.

In trials over the past twelve years, Saral has achieved a mean yield of 1350 kg/hectare – a 25 percent increase over local varieties. Coupled with integrated pest management practices, the variety could be a game-changer for farmers – promising higher and more stable yields, and greater incomes. Adoption would also improve water productivity – helping to achieve ‘more crop per drop’ – and enhance soil health.

Saral was developed from a single cross – ILC3470 X ILC8617 – and selected as FLIP00-86C at ICARDA, before being shared with Iran’s Dryland Agricultural Research Institute (DARI).

Source: What’s New at ICARDA