The State Varietal Release Committee (SVRC) of Government of Odisha, India released its first improved pigeonpea cultivar, ICPH 3762, in the name of Goddess Pārbati. The release of this hybrid has given hope to smallholder pigeonpea farmers in the State to enhance their income and livelihood. According to Dr Myer Mula, Scientist, Seed Systems, ICRISAT three more pigeonpea lines as varieties for Odisha are ready for release by yearend.

Highlights of Pārbati (ICPH 3762)

  • It is a mid-late duratio­n hybrid and takes around 180 to 190 days to mature
  • Average yield under normal conditions is 1.8 t/ha
  • Suitable for cultivation in almost all agro-climatic conditions of Odisha
  • Highly resistant to fusarium wilt and sterility mosaic disease
  • Tolerant to terminal drought due to deep root system
  • Pest load is comparatively low
  • The seed is brown in color with medium bold seed size (11 g) and is preferred by millers
  • Possess acceptable dal quality and high milling recovery (>75%).

ICPH 3762 recorded 125% increase in yield over local types. This hybrid also possesses complete resistance against wilt and sterility mosaic diseases. It was tested in 72 locations in five major pigeonpea growing districts of Odisha.

This work was part of the Tropical Legumes II project funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. Funding was also received from Department of Agriculture, Government of Odisha through the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) project. This work is taken part of the CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes

Pigeonpea is an important rainfed crop in Odisha state cultivated in 150,000 ha. Wilt and sterility mosaic disease are endemic in the state. Until now, the state did not have any improved cultivar (either variety or hybrid) released for cultivation. Farmers cultivated local landraces and varieties available in the market which resulted in low productivity and less income.

Adapted from ICRISAT Happenings