Lead Point

Figure 3. Distribution of sources of protein in the diets based on the Individual Dietary Diversity Scores. Source: ICRISAT VLS nutrition surveys.

Study reveals pulses as important source of protein in India

This blog post was first published on ICRISAT Agri-buzz Blog post by Dr R Padmaja, Senior Scientist – Gender Research Markets, Institutions, Nutrition & Diversity Innovation Systems for the Drylands Program, ICRISAT. Pulses continue to be a major source of protein in Indian diets and play a vital role in sustaining agricultural growth. Increasing pulse production is therefore important for improving food availability, soil health, diet quality and nutrition security. Today is Global Pulse Day. And a study by ICRISAT…

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Women and youth in pulse value chains: opportunities for inclusion of smallholders

This blog post was first published on IYP2016.org  Author: Esther Njuguna-Mungai, Gender Research Scientist, CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes The 2016 International Year of Pulses has brought global attention to the important roles that pulses play in food, environment, and livelihood systems around the world. Smallholder farmers grow a significant portion of pulse crops and 67% of global pulse production happens in Africa and Asia. Through different value chains, pulses are moved from areas of production to areas of…

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Pulses brochure- for pdf

Steady research investments in pulses to combat planetary challenges

By Dr. Shoba Sivasankar, Director, CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes This blog post was first featured on IYP2016.org Essential since the beginning of agriculture Domestication of pulses, also called grain legumes, occurred side by side with that of cereals in Neolithic history. “Legumes were companions of wheat and barley when agriculture began in the Near East,”1 and “the history of lentil reaches back as far as agriculture itself.”2 In the 19th century, the pea plant was the subject of…

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iyp-pulses for a healthy planet

Farmers and consumers need to be ‘pulse smart’

This post was first published in ICRISAT News Message from Professor Chandra Madramootoo, Board Chair, ICRISAT Pulses are truly magic, offering a win-win-win situation for the farmer, the consumer and the planet. Farmers and consumers globally would benefit by being more ‘pulse smart’. They are multi-functional crops that are good for nutrition and soil productivity, and are dryland crops that need less water and have the potential to weather climate change. Traditionally pulses were an important part of daily diets,…

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One of the released parasitoid wasps, Therophilus javanus. Photo: IITA

Farmers in Benin adopt new natural enemies to fight pod borers in cowpea

Damage caused by pod borer Maruca vitrata, the most destructive pest of cowpeas, can lead a loss of up to USD 3 billion per year in West Africa alone. To reduce the losses, farmers resort to spraying insecticides, most often inappropriate ones and without protective equipment and gear, thereby exposing themselves and their families to serious health hazards. The damage by the caterpillars of the pod borers can cause up to 80% damage on cowpea farms. Worse, over the years…

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John's son eating pigeonpea and rice

Include pulses for a nutrition-secure world

There’s a saying in Kenya: If you haven’t eaten “ugali” (a common maize-based stiff porridge dish), then you haven’t eaten. Substitute ugali for rice, cassava, matoke (starchy bananas), sweet or Irish potato or any other starch staple and it reflects the status that many cultures place on carbohydrates. Indeed, according to UNFAO, cereals and starchy roots form the center piece of diets around the globe. UNFAO has compounded the importance of these high-energy foods above others by measuring the rise…

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Combine harvester at work – harvesting the new chickpea variety. Photos: PS Rao, ICRISAT

Machine-harvestable chickpea varieties for a self-sufficient, food and nutrition secure India

Blog post by Dr Veera Jayalakshmi, Principal Scientist (Chickpea Breeding), Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University Chickpea is one of the major pulses cultivated in India. It is widely consumed across all regions in India, attributing to a per capita consumption of about 5.03 kg/capita/year which is higher than any other region (FAO STAT, 2006). In recent years, India has witnessed a striking phenomenon with respect to spread of chickpea area. Since 1964-65, the production of chickpea has declined by 4.0 million…

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Farmer driven research reaping benefits in Saskatchewan, Canada

Public Institution and Farmer Organization Partnership in Pulse Research, a success story from Saskatchewan, Canada Blog post by Bunyamin Tar’an, Crop Development Centre/Department of Plant Sciences, University of Saskatchewan The pulse industry has been outstanding across Saskatchewan and western Canada for many years. Saskatchewan’s pulse industry started in the late 1960s and early 1970s. Pulses were introduced as part of the cereal-based cropping system. In the early days, the cereal producers sensed a strong need to diversify their crops to…

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High-oil and high-oleate groundnuts to meet the growing demand in India

Blog post by Dr Radhakrishnan, Director, ICAR-Directorate of Groundnut Research, Junagadh, Gujarat, India. Globally, India is the second largest importer of vegetable oils after China. Further, vegetable oil imports are on rise, to meet the growing domestic consumption in the country. The cost of vegetable oil imports is about USD 7.37 billion during 2013-14. There is an urgent need to boost the domestic production of oil seeds to reduce imports and save national exchequer. Groundnut is the third largest contributor…

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Grain legume breeding and degraded environments

Blog post by Dr Fred Muehlbauer, Professor (retired), USDA-ARS Grain Legume Genetics and Physiology Research Unit, Washington State University Environmental degradation has been a developing problem in crop production and a challenge to plant breeders. With warmer and drier climates, abiotic stresses reduce yields and add to difficulties in breeding varieties adapted to increasingly stressful environments. This challenge brings to mind a discussion I had as a beginning pulse crop breeder. The discussion centered on the statistical fact that yields…

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Grain Legumes

Grain Legumes is a partnership among four CGIAR Research Institutes: ICRISAT as lead center, CIAT, ICARDA and IITA, along with several public and private institutes and organizations, governments, and farmers worldwide.

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